Emission Security Limits for Compromising Emanations Using Electromagnetic Emanation Security Channel Analysis

Hee-Kyung LEE  Yong-Hwa KIM  Young-Hoon KIM  Seong-Cheol KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.10   pp.2639-2649
Publication Date: 2013/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.2639
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Compatibility(EMC)
electromagnetic compromising emanation,  TEMPEST,  Eavesdropping,  

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In this paper, we propose periodic and aperiodic security limits for compromising emanations in the VHF and UHF bands. First, we perform the electromagnetic emanation security (EMSEC)-channel measurements in the 200-1000MHz frequency bands. Second, we analyse the pathloss characteristics of the indoor EMSEC-channel based on these measurements. Through this EMSEC-channel analysis, we affirm that the total radio attenuation, which is one of the key parameters for determining the security limits for compromising emanations, follows the Rician distribution. With these results, we propose that periodic and aperiodic emission security limits can be classified into two levels depending on the total radio attenuation and the extent of required confidentiality. The proposed security limits are compared with other security limits and existing civil and military EMC standards.