Comparative Study on Required Bit Depth of Gamma Quantization for Digital Cinema Using Contrast and Color Difference Sensitivities

Junji SUZUKI  Isao FURUKAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E96-A   No.8   pp.1759-1767
Publication Date: 2013/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E96.A.1759
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image
Keyword: 
digital cinema,  human visual system,  contrast sensitivity function,  quantization bit depth,  color difference,  CIE 1976 L* a*b*,  CIEDE2000,  

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Summary: 
A specification for digital cinema systems which deal with movies digitally from production to delivery as well as projection on the screens is recommended by DCI (Digital Cinema Initiative), and the systems based on this specification have already been developed and installed in theaters. The parameters of the systems that play an important role in determining image quality include image resolution, quantization bit depth, color space, gamma characteristics, and data compression methods. This paper comparatively discusses a relation between required bit depth and gamma quantization using both of a human visual system for grayscale images and two color difference models for color images. The required bit depth obtained from a contrast sensitivity function against grayscale images monotonically decreases as the gamma value increases, while it has a minimum value when the gamma is 2.9 to 3.0 from both of the CIE 1976 L* a* b* and CIEDE2000 color difference models. It is also shown that the bit depth derived from the contrast sensitivity function is one bit greater than that derived from the color difference models at the gamma value of 2.6. Moreover, a comparison between the color differences computed with the CIE 1976 L* a* b* and CIEDE2000 leads to a same result from the view point of the required bit depth for digital cinema systems.