A Jointly Optimized Predictive-Adaptive Partitioned Block Transform for Video Coding

Di WU  Xiaohai HE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E96-A   No.11   pp.2161-2168
Publication Date: 2013/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E96.A.2161
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Smart Multimedia & Communication Systems)
Category: Image Processing
Keyword: 
even discrete sine transform (EDST),  interpolative Markov representation,  intra-prediction residuals,  blocking artifact,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we propose a jointly optimized predictive-adaptive partitioned block transform to exploit the spatial characteristics of intra residuals and improve video coding performance. Under the assumptions of traditional Markov representations, the asymmetric discrete sine transform (ADST) can be combined with a discrete cosine transform (DCT) for video coding. In comparison, the interpolative Markov representation has a lower mean-square error for images or regions that have relatively high contrast, and is insensitive to changes in image statistics. Hence, we derive an even discrete sine transform (EDST) from the interpolative Markov model, and use a coding scheme to switch between EDST and DCT, depending on the prediction direction and boundary information. To obtain an implementation independent of multipliers, we also propose an orthogonal 4-point integer EDST, which consists solely of adds and bit-shifts. We implement our hybrid transform coding scheme within the H.264/AVC intra-mode framework. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme significantly outperforms standard DCT and ADST. It also greatly reduces the blocking artifacts typically observed around block edges, because the new transform is more adaptable to the characteristics of intra-prediction residuals.