Improved Speech-Presence Uncertainty Estimation Based on Spectral Gradient for Global Soft Decision-Based Speech Enhancement

Jong-Woong KIM  Joon-Hyuk CHANG  Sang Won NAM  Dong Kook KIM  Jong Won SHIN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E96-A    No.10    pp.2025-2028
Publication Date: 2013/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E96.A.2025
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Speech and Hearing
Keyword: 
global soft decision,  speech-presence uncertainty,  spectral gradient,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we propose a speech-presence uncertainty estimation to improve the global soft decision-based speech enhancement technique by using the spectral gradient scheme. The conventional soft decision-based speech enhancement technique uses a fixed ratio (Q) of the a priori speech-presence and speech-absence probabilities to derive the speech-absence probability (SAP). However, we attempt to adaptively change Q according to the spectral gradient between the current and past frames as well as the status of the voice activity in the previous two frames. As a result, the distinct values of Q to each frequency in each frame are assigned in order to improve the performance of the SAP by tracking the robust a priori information of the speech-presence in time.