High Resolution 2-D DOA Estimation by Low-Cost Antenna Array Based on Synthesized Covariance Matrix via Antenna Switching

Yuki DOI  Hiroki MORIYA  Koichi ICHIGE  Hiroyuki ARAI  Takahiro HAYASHI  Hiromi MATSUNO  Masayuki NAKANO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E96-A   No.10   pp.1962-1971
Publication Date: 2013/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E96.A.1962
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Sparsity-aware Signal Processing)
direction of arrival estimation,  array signal processing,  sensor array,  antenna array,  

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This paper presents a method of synthesizing covariance matrix elements of array input signal for high resolution 2-D Direction-Of-Arrival (DOA) estimation via antenna (sensor) switching. Antenna array generally has the same number of array elements and receiver modules which often leads large receiver hardware cost. Two of the authors have already studied a way of antenna switching to reduce receiver cost, but it can be applied only for periodic incident signals like sinusoid. In this paper, we propose two simple methods of DOA estimation from sparse data by synthesizing covariance matrix elements of array input signal via antenna switching, which can also be applied to DOA estimation of antiperiodic incident signals. Performance of the proposed approach is evaluated in detail through some computer simulation.