Hierarchical MFMO Circuit Modules for an Energy-Efficient SDR DBF

Jeich MAR  Chi-Cheng KUO  Shin-Ru WU  You-Rong LIN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E95-D   No.2   pp.413-425
Publication Date: 2012/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E95.D.413
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Reconfigurable Systems)
Category: Application

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The hierarchical multi-function matrix operation (MFMO) circuit modules are designed using coordinate rotations digital computer (CORDIC) algorithm for realizing the intensive computation of matrix operations. The paper emphasizes that the designed hierarchical MFMO circuit modules can be used to develop a power-efficient software-defined radio (SDR) digital beamformer (DBF). The formulas of the processing time for the scalable MFMO circuit modules implemented in field programmable gate array (FPGA) are derived to allocate the proper logic resources for the hardware reconfiguration. The hierarchical MFMO circuit modules are scalable to the changing number of array branches employed for the SDR DBF to achieve the purpose of power saving. The efficient reuse of the common MFMO circuit modules in the SDR DBF can also lead to energy reduction. Finally, the power dissipation and reconfiguration function in the different modes of the SDR DBF are observed from the experiment results.