Non-contact PIM Evaluation Method Using a Standing Wave Coaxial Tube

Daijiro ISHIBASHI  Nobuhiro KUGA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E95-C   No.9   pp.1508-1514
Publication Date: 2012/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E95.C.1508
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Development of Electro-Mechanical Devices - Papers selected from International Session on Electro-Mechanical Devices 2011 (IS-EMD2011) and other recent research results -)
Category: 
Keyword: 
passive intermodulation,  standing wave measurement,  nonlinearity,  non-contact measurement,  electric contacts,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, a contactless measurement technique of passive intermodulation (PIM) using a coaxial tube excited with standing waves is proposed. The principle of the proposed method is described using a two-port network model with the lumped resistances representing the losses of a specimen and test equipment. To show its validity, a test using nickel wires producing high PIM is carried out, and its PIM-dependency on DUT-position in the coaxial tube is simulated using the FDTD method. The simulated result shows a good agreement to the experiment. Through the examination, it is found that the power consumption by the PIM source in a specimen is essential in PIM production, and sensitive PIM detection does not require good matching condition. Finally, the relation between PIM-source size and generated PIM level is also examined. The result shows that at least 18 dB-PIM reduction is obtained by PIM source size in a half-wavelength conductive wire.