A Method for Suppressing Duration and Electromagnetic Noise of Contact Breaking Arc by Applying Pressure

Kazuaki MIYANAGA  Yoshiki KAYANO  Hiroshi INOUE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E95-C   No.9   pp.1487-1494
Publication Date: 2012/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E95.C.1487
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Development of Electro-Mechanical Devices - Papers selected from International Session on Electro-Mechanical Devices 2011 (IS-EMD2011) and other recent research results -)
voltage fluctuation,  pressure,  arc discharge,  electromagnetic noise,  spectrogram,  

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The circuit switching device by the electrical contact needs the high reliability and long lifetime. The very important factor for the high reliability, long lifetime and electromagnetic noise of the electrical contact is to suppress the duration and electromagnetic noise of arc discharge. Usually, the suppression of arc duration method is applying the external magnetic field. But, this method was not able to suppress the metallic arc duration and increased the voltage fluctuation at arc duration. Therefore, the new method for suppressing the duration and noise for electrical contact is expected. In this paper, a new method for suppressing duration and EM noise of arc discharge by applying housing pressure is proposed. To investigate the availability of proposed method, the measurement and some considerations on arc duration, voltage-fluctuation and current noise up to GHz frequency band generated by breaking contact in the applied pressure relay housing are reported. Firstly, voltage waveform and duration of the arc are measured. The effects of the pressure in the relay housing on the duration of the metallic and gaseous phase arcs are discussed. Secondary, voltage fluctuation, the spectrogram of contact voltage and current noise up to GHz frequency band are discussed. In the results, the proposed method with applying pressure makes shorter both durations of metallic and gaseous phases. The shorter duration of metallic phase is an advantage of the proposed method beyond the applying external magnetic field. As the housing pressure is increase, the voltage fluctuation and current noise becomes smalls. The proposed method can suppress the voltage fluctuation as well as arc duration. Consequently, the proposed method is on of the good solution to suppress the duration and electromagnetic noise of the arc discharge from electrical contact and result of this study indicates the basic considerations necessary to ensure good lifetime and EMC designs for electrical contacts.