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DC and High-Frequency Characteristics of GaN Schottky Varactors for Frequency Multiplication
Chong JIN Dimitris PAVLIDIS Laurence CONSIDINE
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2012/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Heterostructure Microelectronics with TWHM 2011)
Category: GaN-based Devices
Gallium Nitride, Schottky diode, varactor, multiplier,
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The design, fabrication and characterization of GaN based varactor diodes are presented. MOCVD was used for layer growth and the DC characteristic of 4 µm diameter diodes showed a turn-on voltage of 0.5 V, a breakdown voltage of 21 V and a modulation ratio of 1.63. High frequency characterization allowed obtaining the diode equivalent circuit and observed the bias dependence of the series resistance. The diode cutoff frequency was 900 GHz. A large-signal model was developed for the diode and the device power performance was evaluated. A power of 7.2 dBm with an efficiency of 16.6% was predicted for 47 GHz to 94 GHz doubling.