An Area-Efficient Reconfigurable LDPC Decoder with Conflict Resolution

Changsheng ZHOU  Yuebin HUANG  Shuangqu HUANG  Yun CHEN  Xiaoyang ZENG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E95-C   No.4   pp.478-486
Publication Date: 2012/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E95.C.478
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Solid-State Circuit Design – Architecture, Circuit, Device and Design Methodology)
Category: 
Keyword: 
LDPC decoder,  TDMP,  CMMB,  DTMB,  conflict resolution,  

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Summary: 
Based on Turbo-Decoding Message-Passing (TDMP) and Normalized Min-Sum (NMS) algorithm, an area efficient LDPC decoder that supports both structured and unstructured LDPC codes is proposed in this paper. We introduce a solution to solve the memory access conflict problem caused by TDMP algorithm. We also arrange the main timing schedule carefully to handle the operations of our solution while avoiding much additional hardware consumption. To reduce the memory bits needed, the extrinsic message storing strategy is also optimized. Besides the extrinsic message recover and the accumulate operation are merged together. To verify our architecture, a LDPC decoder that supports both China Multimedia Mobile Broadcasting (CMMB) and Digital Terrestrial/ Television Multimedia Broadcasting (DTMB) standards is developed using SMIC 0.13 µm standard CMOS process. The core area is 4.75 mm2 and the maximum operating clock frequency is 200 MHz. The estimated power consumption is 48.4 mW at 25 MHz for CMMB and 130.9 mW at 50 MHz for DTMB with 5 iterations and 1.2 V supply.