50-Gb/s NRZ and RZ Modulator Driver ICs Based on Functional Distributed Circuits

Yasuyuki SUZUKI
Masayuki MAMADA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E95-C    No.2    pp.262-267
Publication Date: 2012/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E95.C.262
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Microwaves, Millimeter-Waves
driver circuits,  distributed amplifiers,  high-speed integrated circuits,  flip-flops,  impedance matching,  heterojunction bipolar transistors,  optical modulation,  optical communication,  

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We have developed two modulator driver ICs that are based on the functional distributed circuit (FDC) topology for over 40-Gb/s optical transmission systems using InP HBT technology. The FDC topology enables both a wide bandwidth amplifier and high-speed digital functions. The none-return-to-zero (NRZ) driver IC, which is integrated with a D-type flip-flop, exhibits 2.6-Vp-p (differential output: 5.2 Vp-p) output-voltage swings with a high signal quality at 43 and 50 Gb/s. The return-to-zero (RZ) driver IC, which is integrated with a NRZ to RZ converter, produces 2.4-Vp-p (differential output: 4.8 Vp-p) output-voltage swings and excellent eye openings at 43 and 50 Gb/s. Furthermore, we conducted electro-optical modulation experiments using the developed modulator driver ICs and a dual drive LiNbO3 Mach-Zehnder modulator. We were able to obtain NRZ and RZ clear optical eye openings with low jitters and sufficient extinction ratios of more than 12 dB, at 43 and 50 Gb/s. These results indicate that the FDC has the potential to achieve a large output voltage and create high-speed functional ICs for over-40-Gb/s transmission systems.