FDTD Analysis of Radio Wave Propagation at Intersection Surrounded by Concrete Block Walls in Residential Area for Inter-Vehicle Communications Using 720 MHz Band

Kenji TAGUCHI  Suguru IMAI  Tatsuya KASHIWA  Kohzoh OHSHIMA  Takeshi KAWAMURA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E95-C   No.1   pp.79-85
Publication Date: 2012/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E95.C.79
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Electromagnetic Theory and Its Application)
Category: Numerical Techniques
Keyword: 
inter-vehicle communication,  radio wave propagation,  intersection,  concrete block wall,  FDTD method,  

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Summary: 
An inter-vehicle communication system for the 720 MHz band that is designed to prevent car crashes at intersections has recently been proposed in Japan. This paper presents an analysis of the propagation characteristics of an intersection surrounded by concrete block walls in a residential area. The propagation characteristics were analyzed for the first time using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. We investigated the influence of wall thickness and source locations on the propagation characteristics. The results of our investigation showed that the most commonly used wall thickness and source locations do not strongly affect propagation loss. Furthermore, we analyzed the power delay profile and delay spread by taking into consideration the structure of the concrete block walls.