A Fractional-N PLL with Dual-Mode Detector and Counter

Fitzgerald Sungkyung PARK  Nikolaus KLEMMER  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E95-C   No.12   pp.1887-1890
Publication Date: 2012/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E95.C.1887
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: BRIEF PAPER
Category: Integrated Electronics
Keyword: 
fractional-N PLL,  dual-mode detector,  phase frequency detector,  digital counter,  digital delta-sigma modulator,  

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Summary: 
A fractional-N phase-locked loop (PLL) is designed for the DigRF interface. The digital part of the PLL mainly consists of a dual-mode phase frequency detector (PFD), a digital counter, and a digital delta-sigma modulator (DSM). The PFD can operate on either 52 MHz or 26 MHz reference frequencies, depending on its use of only the rising edge or both the rising and the falling edges of the reference clock. The interface between the counter and the DSM is designed to give enough timing margin in terms of the signal round-trip delay. The circuitry is implemented using a 90-nm CMOS process technology with a 1.2-V supply, draining 1 mA.