Perceived Depth Change Produced by Visual Acuity Difference between the Eyes

Kei SADAKUNI  Takuya INOUE  Hirotsugu YAMAMOTO  Shiro SUYAMA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E95-C   No.11   pp.1707-1715
Publication Date: 2012/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E95.C.1707
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Electronic Displays)
DFD display,  stereoscopic display,  anisometropia,  occlusion foil,  

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Three methods of presenting a three-dimensional (3-D) image – a real object, a protruding stereoscopic display, and the depth-fused 3-D (DFD) display – have different tendencies for the change in perceived depth produced when the visual acuity of the dominant eye is decreased by an occlusion foil. These different tendencies are estimated from the slope and correlation coefficient of the plot of perceived depth difference versus stimuli depth difference. This estimation was derived using the same experimental system setup composed of two displays and a half mirror for all three 3-D display methods. The perceived depth difference was measured for four subjects by calipers using two fingers. The slope and correlation coefficient had almost the same tendencies as follows. The real object had the smallest decrease among the three 3-D display methods when the dominant eye's visual acuity was decreased and the protruding stereoscopic display had the largest decrease. The DFD display method had an intermediate decrease between those of the real object and protruding stereoscopic display. When the dominant eye's visual acuity was high enough, the differences among the three 3-D display methods were small. When its visual acuity was decreased, the differences increased among the three 3-D display methods and became statistically significant.