Semi-Fixed Rate Control for Wireless Mesh Networks

Tomoya TOGASHI  Kenichi MASE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.9   pp.2691-2699
Publication Date: 2012/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.2691
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Emerging Technologies and Applications for Ad Hoc and Wireless Mesh Networks)
Category: 
Keyword: 
wireless mesh network,  transmission rate,  WLAN,  IEEE 802.11 a/b/g,  SampleRate,  

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Summary: 
We present a novel transmission rate control method for Wireless Mesh Networks, termed Semi-Fixed Rate Control (SFRC), which incorporates the advantages of Fixed Rate Control (FRC) and Adaptive Rate Control (ARC). SFRC has two periods, which are alternately repeated: an autorate period and a fixed-rate period. A unit of an autorate period and the successive fixed-rate period is termed “rate-control period”. The duration of the rate-control period is set considerably longer than that of the autorate period. In the autorate period, RTS/CTS is used with the lowest transmission rate, transmission rate adjustment is only applied to data frames, and loss of CTS frames is not reflected in the transmission rate adjustment. In the fixed-rate period, the transmission rate that was used most frequently in the preceding autorate period (optimum rate) is fixed, and RTS/CTS is not used. Implementation of SFRC is straightforward as it uses conventional IEEE 802.11 DCF and only minor modification of the wireless LAN driver is required. SFRC, which uses a modified SampleRate, an ARC implementation in the Madwifi, (SampleRate+) in the autorate period, termed SFRC-SampleRate+, was developed. The results of real-world experiments indicate that SFRC-SampleRate+ is superior to SampleRate and SampleRate+, and is closer to FRC, which uses optimum rate on each link, in terms of throughput in wireless mesh network environments.