Information and Communication Technology and Electric Vehicles – Paving the Way towards a Smart Community

Kenichi MASE

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B    No.6    pp.1902-1910
Publication Date: 2012/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.1902
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Towards Management for Future Networks and Services)
smart community,  ICT,  EV,  sensor network,  dependable,  ad hoc network,  

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A smart community can be considered an essential component to realize a sustainable, low-carbon, and disaster-tolerant society, thereby providing a base for community inhabitants to lead a simple, healthy, and energy-saving way of life as well as ensuring safety, security, and a high quality-of-life in the community. In particular, a smart community can be essential for senior citizens in an aging society. Smart community enablers such as information and communication technology (ICT) and electric vehicles (EVs) can perform essential roles to realize a smart community. With regard to ICT, the necessity of a dedicated wireless sensor backbone has been identified. With regard to EV, a small-sized EV with one or two seats (Mini-EV) has been identified as an emerging player to support personal daily mobility in an aged society. The Mini-EV may be powered by a solar battery, thereby mitigating vehicular maintenance burden for the elderly. It is essential to realize a dependable ICT network and communication service for a smart community. In the study, we present the concept of trans-locatable design to achieve this goal. The two possible roles of EVs in contributing to a dependable ICT network are highlighted; these include EV charging of the batteries of the base stations in the network, and the creation of a Mini-EV based ad-hoc network that can enable applications such as safe driving assistance and secure neighborhoods.