Miniaturized Broadband Antenna Combining Fractal Patterns and Self-Complementary Structures for UWB Applications

Vasil DIMITROV  Akira SAITOU  Kazuhiko HONJO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B    No.5    pp.1844-1847
Publication Date: 2012/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.1844
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
fractal antenna,  self-complementary antenna,  broadband,  

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Miniaturized broadband antennas combining a fractal pattern and a self-complementary structure are demonstrated for UWB applications. Using four kinds of fractal patterns generated with an octagon initiator, similar to a self-complementary structure, we investigate the effect of the fractal pattern on broadband performance. The lower band-edge frequency of the broad bandwidth is decreased by the reduced constant input impedance, which is controlled by the vacant area size inside the fractal pattern. The reduced constant input impedance is shown to be produced by the extended current distribution flowing along the vacant areas. Given the results, miniaturized broadband antennas, impedance-matched to 50 Ω, are designed and fabricated. The measured return loss was better than 10 dB between 2.95 and 10.7 GHz with a size of 2712.5 mm. The lower band-edge frequency was reduced by 28% compared with the initiator.