Iterative MAP Receiver Employing Forward Channel Estimation via Message Passing for OFDM over Fast Fading Channels

Kazuhiko FUKAWA
Hiroshi SUZUKI
Satoshi SUYAMA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B    No.5    pp.1770-1783
Publication Date: 2012/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.1770
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
mobile communication,  OFDM,  EM algorithm,  factor graph,  message passing,  channel estimation,  turbo processing,  

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This paper proposes an iterative maximum a posteriori (MAP) receiver for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) mobile communications under fast-fading conditions. The previous work in [21] developed a MAP receiver based on the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm employing the differential model, which can allow correlated time-variation of channel impulse responses. In order to make such a MAP receiver more robust against time-variant channels, this paper proposes two new message-passing algorithms derived from factor graphs; subcarrier removal and partial turbo processing. The subcarrier removal estimates the channel frequency response by using all subcarriers other than the targeted subcarrier. Such channel estimate can be efficiently calculated by removing information on the targeted subcarrier from the estimate of the original EM algorithm that uses all the subcarriers. This modification can avoid the repetitive use of incorrectly detected signals for the channel estimation. On the other hand, the partial turbo processing performs symbol-by-symbol channel decoding by using a symbol interleaver. Owing to this process, the current channel estimate, which is more accurate due to the decoding gain, can be used as the initial channel estimate for the next symbol. Computer simulations under fast multipath fading conditions demonstrate that the subcarrier removal and the partial turbo processing can improve the error floor and the convergence speed, respectively, compared to the conventional MAP receiver.