Design and Implementation of the Parameterized Multi-Standard High-Throughput Radix-4 Viterbi Decoder on FPGA

Rongchun LI  Yong DOU  Yuanwu LEI  Shice NI  Song GUO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.5   pp.1602-1611
Publication Date: 2012/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.1602
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
Keyword: 
multi-standard,  radix-4,  Viterbi decoder,  FPGA,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a parameterized multi-standard adaptive radix-4 Viterbi decoder with high throughput and low complexity. The proposed Viterbi decoder supports constraint lengths ranging from 3-9, code rates in the range of 1/2-1/3, and arbitrary truncation lengths. We present a novel fabric of Add-Compare-Select Unit (ACSU) and methods of unsigned quantization and efficient normalization that shorten the critical path. The decoder achieves a low bit error ratio in multiple standards, such as GPRS, WiMax, LTE, CDMA, and 3G. The proposed decoder is implemented on Xilinx XC5VLX330 device and the frequency achieved is 181.7 MHz. The throughput of the proposed decoder can reach 363 Mbps, which is superior to the other current multi-standard Viterbi decoders or radix-4 Viterbi decoders on the FPGA platform.