GTS Allocation Scheme for Bidirectional Voice Traffic in IEEE 802.15.4 Multihop Networks

Junwoo JUNG  Hoki BAEK  Jaesung LIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.2   pp.493-508
Publication Date: 2012/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.493
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
IEEE 802.15.4 multihop networks,  bidirectional voice traffic,  GTS allocation,  queuing model,  vacation server,  

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The IEEE 802.15.4 protocol is considered a promising technology for low-cost low-power wireless personal area networks. Researchers have discussed the feasibility of voice communications over IEEE 802.15.4 networks. To this end, the personal area network (PAN) coordinator allocates guaranteed time slots (GTSs) for voice communications in the beacon-enabled mode of IEEE 802.15.4. Although IEEE 802.15.4 is capable of supporting voice communications by GTS allocation, it is impossible to accommodate voice transmission beyond two hops due to the excessive transmission delay. In this paper, we propose a GTS allocation scheme for bidirectional voice traffic in IEEE 802.15.4 multihop networks. The goal of our proposed scheme is to achieve low end-to-end delay and packet drop ratio without a complex allocation algorithm. Thus, the proposed scheme allocates GTSs to devices for successful completion of voice transmission in a superframe duration. The proposed scheme also considers transceiver switching delay. This is relatively large compared to a time slot due to the low-cost and low-gain antenna designs. We analyze and validate the proposed scheme in terms of average end-to-end delay and packet drop ratio. Our scheme has lower end-to-end delay and packet drop ratio than the basic IEEE 802.15.4 GTS allocation scheme.