Efficient Buffering Scheme in the LMA for Seamless Handover in PMIPv6

Kwang-Ryoul KIM  Hyo-Beom LEE  Hyon-Young CHOI  Sung-Gi MIN  Youn-Hee HAN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.2   pp.382-391
Publication Date: 2012/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.382
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
mobility management,  proxy mobile IPv6,  mobile IPv6,  

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Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) is proposed as a new network-based local mobility protocol which does not involve the Mobile Node (MN) in mobility management. PMIPv6, which uses link-layer attachment information, reduces the movement detection time and eliminates duplicate address detection procedures in order to provide faster handover than Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6). To eliminate packet loss during the handover period, the Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) buffering scheme is proposed. In this scheme, the LMA buffers lost packets of the Mobile Access Gateway (MAG) and the MN during the handover and recovers them after handover. A new Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ) handler is defined which efficiently manages the LMA buffer. The ARQ handler relays ARQ result between the MAG and the MN to the LMA. The LMA removes any buffered packets which have been successfully delivered to the MN. The ARQ handler recovers the packet loss during the handover using buffered packets in the LMA. The ARQ information, between the MAG and LMA, is inserted in the outer header of IP-in-IP encapsulated packets of a standard PMIPv6 tunnel. Since the proposed scheme simply adds information to the standard operation of an IP-in-IP tunnel between the LMA and the MAG, it can be implemented seamlessly without modification to the original PMIPv6 messages and signaling sequence. Unlike other Fast Handovers for Mobile IPv6 (FMIPv6) based enhancement for PMIPv6, the proposed scheme does not require any handover related information before the actual handover.