Proper Derivation of Equivalent-Circuit Expressions of Intra-Body Communication Channels Using Quasi-Static Field

Nozomi HAGA  Kazuyuki SAITO  Masaharu TAKAHASHI  Koichi ITO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.1   pp.51-59
Publication Date: 2012/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.51
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Antennas and Propagation in Conjunction with Main Topics of ISAP2010)
Category: Antennas
Keyword: 
intra-body communications,  quasi-static approximation,  equivalent circuit,  boundary value problem,  

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Summary: 
Physical channels of the intra-body communications, in which communications are performed by exciting electric field around the human body, have been treated as a capacitive circuit from the beginning of the development. Although the circuit-like understanding of the channels are helpful to design devices and systems, there is a problem that the results may be invalid if the circuit parameters are incorrectly estimated. In the present study, the values of the circuit parameters are properly derived by solving a boundary value problem of electric potentials of the conductors. Furthermore, approximate models which are appropriate for cases that some of the conductors are grounded are investigated.