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Traffic Density-Based Broadcast Scheme for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Dong-Won KUM Ajmal KHAN You-Ze CHO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2012/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
broadcast scheme, broadcast storm, slotted p-persistence, traffic density, vehicular ad hoc networks,
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This paper proposes an efficient broadcast scheme based on traffic density measurement to mitigate broadcast storms in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs). In a VANET, the number of vehicles that rebroadcasts a message is closely related with the collision ratio of the message, so a well-designed broadcast scheme should consider traffic density when rebroadcasting a message. The proposed scheme introduces a traffic density measurement scheme and broadcast scheme for VANET. It is based on the slotted p-persistence scheme, but the rebroadcast procedure is enhanced and the rebroadcast probability p is controlled dynamically according to the estimated traffic density. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme outperforms existing schemes in terms of the end-to-end delay and collision ratio.