Impact of Spatial Diversity Reception on SAR Reduction in Implant Body Area Networks

Daisuke ANZAI  Sho AOYAMA  Masafumi YAMANAKA  Jianqing WANG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.12   pp.3822-3829
Publication Date: 2012/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.3822
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Compatibility(EMC)
Keyword: 
SAR,  Implant BANs,  WCE,  Spatial diversity reception,  

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Summary: 
Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) is now one of most important applications in implant body area networks (BANs). WCE requires high throughput performance due to its real-time data transmission, whereas the communication performance depends much on the transmit power, which is strictly regulated in order to satisfy a safety guideline in terms of specific absorption rate (SAR). Spatial diversity reception is well known to improve the wireless performance without any temporal and spectral resource expansion. Additionally, applying spatial diversity reception to WCE systems can be expected to not only improve the wireless communication performance but also to reduce SAR. Therefore, this paper investigates the impact of spatial diversity reception on SAR levels for the 400 MHz medical implant communication service (MICS) band. To begin with, based on finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations for implant BAN propagation with a numerical human body model, we first calculate the BER performance and derive the required transmit power to secure a permissible BER. Then, this paper calculates the local peak SAR under the required transmit power when the implant transmitter moves through the digestive organs. Finally, our simulation results demonstrate that applying spatial diversity reception can significantly reduce SAR in implant BANs.