Comparative Study of Open-Loop Transmit Diversity Schemes for DFT-Precoded OFDMA in Frequency-Selective Fading Channels

Lianjun DENG
Hidekazu TAOKA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B    No.12    pp.3708-3718
Publication Date: 2012/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.3708
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Coding and Coding Theory-Based Signal Processing for Wireless Communications)
transmit diversity,  space-time block code,  space-frequency block code,  single-carrier FDMA,  

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This paper presents comprehensive comparisons based on the block error rate (BLER) of open-loop (OL) transmit diversity schemes considering a cubic metric (CM) for single-carrier (SC)-Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) using discrete Fourier transform (DFT)-precoded OFDMA in uplink frequency-selective fading channels. The OL transmit diversity schemes assumed in the paper are space-time block code (STBC), space-frequency block code (SFBC), single-carrier (SC) - SFBC, cyclic delay diversity (CDD), and frequency switched transmit diversity (FSTD) for two antennas and a combination of STBC, SFBC, SC-SFBC and selection transmit diversity including time switched transmit diversity (TSTD) or FSTD for four antennas. We derive the most appropriate OL transmit diversity scheme for SC-FDMA using a frequency domain equalizer (FDE) with QPSK and 16QAM modulations and with various channel coding rates employing turbo coding. We investigate the best OL transmit diversity scheme under various propagation channel conditions including the fading maximum Doppler frequency and root mean square (r.m.s.) delay spread, and the fading correlation between transmitter/receiver antennas.