Effect of Intra-Subframe Frequency Hopping on Codebook Based Closed-Loop Transmit Diversity for DFT-Precoded OFDMA

Lianjun DENG  Teruo KAWAMURA  Hidekazu TAOKA  Mamoru SAWAHASHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.12   pp.3699-3707
Publication Date: 2012/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.3699
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Coding and Coding Theory-Based Signal Processing for Wireless Communications)
Category: 
Keyword: 
transmit diversity,  precoding,  frequency hopping,  frequency-selective fading,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes applying intra-subframe frequency hopping (FH) to closed-loop (CL) type transmit diversity using codebook based precoding for a shared channel carrying user traffic data in discrete Fourier transform (DFT)-precoded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA). In the paper, we present two types of precoding schemes associated with intra-subframe FH: individual precoding vector selection between 2 slots where a 1-ms subframe comprises 2 slots among the reduced precoding codebooks, and common precoding vector selection between 2 slots. We investigate the effect of intra-subframe FH on the codebook based transmit diversity in terms of the average block error rate (BLER) performance while maintaining the same number of feedback bits required for notification of the selected precoding vector as that for the conventional CL transmit diversity without FH. Computer simulation results show that the codebook based transmit diversity with intra-subframe FH is very effective in decreasing the required average received signal-to-noise power ratio (SNR) when the fading maximum Doppler frequency, fD, is higher than approximately 50 Hz both for 2- and 4-antenna transmission in the DFT-precoded OFDMA.