Performance Evaluation of Joint MLD with Channel Coding Information for Control Signals Using Cyclic Shift CDMA and Block Spread CDMA

Teruo KAWAMURA  Ryota TAKAHASHI  Hideyuki NUMATA  Nobuhiko MIKI  Mamoru SAWAHASHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B    No.12    pp.3688-3698
Publication Date: 2012/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.3688
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Coding and Coding Theory-Based Signal Processing for Wireless Communications)
CDMA,  cyclic shift,  block spread,  MLD,  LTE,  

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This paper presents joint maximum likelihood detection (MLD) using channel coding information for orthogonal code division multiple access (CDMA) to decrease the required average received signal-to-noise power ratio (SNR) satisfying the target block error rate (BLER), and investigates the effect of joint MLD from the conventional coherent detection associated with channel coding. In the paper, we assume the physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) as specified in Release 8 Long-Term Evolution (LTE) by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) as the radio interface for the uplink control channel. First, we clarify the best scheme for combining correlation signals in two frequency-hopped slots and in two receiver diversity branches for joint MLD. Then, we show that the joint MLD without channel estimation, in which correlation signals are combined in squared form, decreases the required average received SNR compared to that for joint MLD with coherent combining of the correlation signals using channel estimation. Second, we show the effectiveness of joint MLD in terms of the decrease in the required average received SNR compared to the conventional coherent detection in various delay spread channels. Third, we present a comparison of the average BLER performance levels between cyclic shift (CS)-CDMA and block spread (BS)-CDMA using joint MLD. We show that when using joint MLD, BS-CDMA is superior to CS-CDMA due to a lower required received SNR in short delay spread environments and that in contrast, CS-CDMA provides a lower required received SNR compared to BS-CDMA in long delay spread environments.