GREAT-CEO: larGe scale distRibuted dEcision mAking Techniques for Wireless Chief Executive Officer Problems

Xiaobo ZHOU  Xin HE  Khoirul ANWAR  Tad MATSUMOTO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.12   pp.3654-3662
Publication Date: 2012/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.3654
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Coding and Coding Theory-Based Signal Processing for Wireless Communications)
CEO problem,  Slepian-Wolf theorem,  wireless mesh network,  wireless sensor network,  extract and forward,  iterative decoding,  EXIT chart analysis,  

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In this paper, we reformulate the issue related to wireless mesh networks (WMNs) from the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) problem viewpoint, and provide a practical solution to a simple case of the problem. It is well known that the CEO problem is a theoretical basis for sensor networks. The problem investigated in this paper is described as follows: an originator broadcasts its binary information sequence to several forwarding nodes (relays) over Binary Symmetric Channels (BSC); the originator's information sequence suffers from independent random binary errors; at the forwarding nodes, they just further interleave, encode the received bit sequence, and then forward it, without making heavy efforts for correcting errors that may occur in the originator-relay links, to the final destination (FD) over Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channels. Hence, this strategy reduces the complexity of the relay significantly. A joint iterative decoding technique at the FD is proposed by utilizing the knowledge of the correlation due to the errors occurring in the link between the originator and forwarding nodes (referred to as intra-link). The bit-error-rate (BER) performances show that the originator's information can be reconstructed at the FD even by using a very simple coding scheme. We provide BER performance comparison between joint decoding and separate decoding strategies. The simulation results show that excellent performance can be achieved by the proposed system. Furthermore, extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) chart analysis is performed to investigate convergence property of the proposed technique, with the aim of, in part, optimizing the code rate at the originator.