Optimal Distributed Beamforming for Two-User MISO Interference Channel Based on a Game-Theoretic Viewpoint

Jiamin LI  Dongming WANG  Pengcheng ZHU  Lan TANG  Xiaohu YOU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.10   pp.3345-3348
Publication Date: 2012/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.3345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
cooperative multicell beamforming,  interference channel,  Pareto optimal,  game-theoretic viewpoint,  

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Summary: 
All points on the Pareto boundary can be obtained by solving the weighted sum rate maximization problem for some weighted coefficients. Unfortunately, the problem is non-convex and difficult to solve without performing an exhaustive search. In this paper, we propose an optimal distributed beamforming strategy for the two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel (IC). Through minimizing the interference signal power leaked to the other receiver for fixed useful signal power received at the intended receiver, the original non-convex optimization problem can be converted into a family of convex optimization problems, each which can be solved in distributed manner with only local channel state information at each transmitter. After some conversion, we derive the closed-form solutions to all Pareto optimal points based on a game-theoretic viewpoint which indicates that linear combinations of the maximum-ratio transmit (MRT) and zero-forcing (ZF) beamforming strategies can achieve any point on the Pareto boundary of the rate region for the two-user MISO interference channel, and the only computation involved is to solve a basic quadratic equation. Finally, the result is validated via numerical simulations.