Conjugate-Gradient Based Doubly Selective Channel Estimation and Equalization for OFDM Systems

Dongjae LEE

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B    No.10    pp.3252-3260
Publication Date: 2012/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.3252
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Terrestrial Wireless Communication/Broadcasting Technologies
doubly selective channel,  channel estimation,  equalization,  orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM),  conjugate gradient,  

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This paper addresses conjugate-gradient (CG) based pilot-assisted channel estimation and equalization in doubly selective channels for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) block transmissions. With the help of the discrete prolate spheroidal sequence, which shows flat mean-square error (MSE) curves for the reconstructed channels in the presence of Doppler frequency mismatch, a basis expansion model for a parsimonious channel representation over multiple OFDM blocks is developed, a system equation for the least square channel estimation under widely used pilot lattices, where the pilot symbols are irregularly placed in the subcarrier domain, is formulated by introducing carving matrices, and the standard CG method is applied to the system. Relying on the CG method again, the linear minimum mean-square error channel equalization is pursued without performing any matrix inversion, while elevating the convergence speed of the iterative algorithm with a simple preconditioner. Finally, we validate our schemes with numerical experiments on the integrated services digital broadcasting-terrestrial system in doubly-selective channels and determine the normalized MSE and uncoded bit error rate.