Agile Spectrum Mobility Aided Spectrum-Aware Routing Protocol for Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E95-B   No.10   pp.3187-3196
Publication Date: 2012/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E95.B.3187
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
cognitive radio,  Ad Hoc networks,  geographical routing,  spectrum-awareness,  spectrum mobility,  

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In this paper, a Spectrum-Aware Routing (SAR) protocol for cognitive radio ad hoc networks, (CRAHN), is proposed which is robust to primary user activity and node failures. The protocol allows nodes to collect spectrum information during a spectrum management interval followed by a transmission period. Cognitive users discover routes by joint channel and next hop selection (synchronization) in the transmission intervals. A restricted geographical routing approach is adopted to avoid performance degradation specially due to routing overhead. We also add spectrum mobility capabilities to routes in our proposed method to provide robustness to primary user activity. SAR protocol performance is investigated through simulations of different scenarios and is compared with the most similar work, CAODV protocol. The results indicate that SAR can achieve significant reduction in control overhead as well as improved throughput.