Stationary and Non-stationary Wide-Band Noise Reduction Using Zero Phase Signal

Weerawut THANHIKAM  Yuki KAMAMORI  Arata KAWAMURA  Youji IIGUNI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E95-A   No.5   pp.843-852
Publication Date: 2012/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E95.A.843
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Engineering Acoustics
Keyword: 
zero phase signal,  noise reduction,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes a wide-band noise reduction method using a zero phase (ZP) signal which is defined as the IDFT of a spectral amplitude. When a speech signal has periodicity in a short observation, the corresponding ZP signal becomes also periodic. On the other hand, when a noise spectral amplitude is approximately flat, its ZP signal takes nonzero values only around the origin. Hence, when a periodic speech signal is embedded in a flat spectral noise in an analysis frame, its ZP signal becomes a periodic signal except around the origin. In the proposed noise reduction method, we replace the ZP signal around the origin with the ZP signal in the second or latter period. Then, we get an estimated speech ZP signal. The major advantages of this method are that it can reduce not only stationary wide-band noises but also non-stationary wide-band noises and does not require a prior estimation of the noise spectral amplitude. Simulation results show that the proposed noise reduction method improves the SNR more than 5 dB for a tunnel noise and 13 dB for a clap noise in a low SNR environment.