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A Trace-Back Method with Source States for Viterbi Decoding of Rate-1/n Convolutional Codes
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2012/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: VLSI Design Technology and CAD
Viterbi decoder, convolutional code, trace back, survivor memory, low power,
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The Viterbi algorithm is widely used for decoding of the convolutional codes. The trace-back method is preferable to the register exchange method because of lower power consumption especially for convolutional codes with many states. A drawback of the conventional trace-back is that it generally requires long latency to obtain the decoded data. In this paper, a method of the trace-back with source states instead of decision bits is proposed which reduces the number of memory accesses. The dedicated memory is also presented which supports the proposed trace-back method. The reduced memory accesses result in smaller power consumption and a shorer decode latency than the conventional method.