Software Protection Combined with Tamper-Proof Device

Kazuhide FUKUSHIMA  Shinsaku KIYOMOTO  Yutaka MIYAKE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E95-A   No.1   pp.213-222
Publication Date: 2012/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E95.A.213
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Cryptography and Information Security)
Category: Software Protection
Keyword: 
software protection,  copy protection,  tamper-proof device,  quantitative security analysis,  

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Summary: 
Establishment of a practical software protection method is a major issue in software distribution. There are several approaches to the issue; however, no practical, secure method for mobile phone applications has been proposed. In this paper, we propose a new software protection scheme combined with a tamper-proof device (TPD) in order to achieve computational security against illegal analysis and copying of the target program. Our scheme achieves a reasonable level of security for encoding the data and variables in a program. The program on a mobile phone deals only with encoded data that is difficult to compromise, and the TPD plays a role of decoding execution results. We implemented the proposed scheme on a 3G mobile phone and a user identification module (UIM). An analysis and copying of the protected program impose exponential computation complexities under our attack model.