No-Reference Quality Estimation for Video-Streaming Services Based on Error-Concealment Effectiveness

Toru YAMADA  Yoshihiro MIYAMOTO  Takao NISHITANI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E95-A   No.11   pp.2007-2014
Publication Date: 2012/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E95.A.2007
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Smart Multimedia & Communication Systems)
Category: Multimedia Environment Technology
Keyword: 
video quality estimation,  no reference,  realtime monitoring,  transmission error,  error concealment,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes a video-quality estimation method based on a no-reference model for realtime quality monitoring in video-streaming services. The proposed method analyzes both bitstream information and decoded pixel information to estimate video-quality degradation by transmission errors. Video quality in terms of a mean squared error (MSE) between degraded video frames and error-free video frames is estimated on the basis of the number of impairment macroblocks in which the quality degradation has not been possible to be concealed. Error-concealment effectiveness is evaluated using motion information and luminance discontinuity at the boundaries of impairment regions. Simulation results show a high correlation (correlation coefficients of 0.93) between the actual MSE and the number of macroblocks in which error concealment has not been effective. These results show that the proposed method works well in reatime quality monitoring for video-streaming services.