A Time and Situation Dependent Semantics for Ontological Property Classification

Ken KANEIWA  Riichiro MIZOGUCHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E94-D   No.3   pp.639-647
Publication Date: 2011/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E94.D.639
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Artificial Intelligence, Data Mining
Keyword: 
formal ontology,  semantic web,  order-sorted logic,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes a new semantics that characterizes the time and/or situation dependencies of properties, together with the ontological notion of existential rigidity. For this purpose, we present order-sorted tempo-situational logic (OSTSL) with rigid/anti-rigid sorts and an existential predicate. In this logic, rigid/anti-rigid sorted terms enable the expressions for sortal properties, and temporal and situational operators suitably represent the ontological axioms of existential rigidity and time and/or situation dependencies. A specific semantics of OSTSL adheres to the temporal and situational behaviors of properties based on existential rigidity. As a result, the semantics guarantees that the ontological axioms of properties expressed by sorted tempo-situational formulas are logically valid.