Multi-Static UWB Radar Approach Based on Aperture Synthesis of Double Scattered Waves for Shadow Region Imaging

Shouhei KIDERA
Tetsuo KIRIMOTO

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E94-C    No.8    pp.1320-1323
Publication Date: 2011/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E94.C.1320
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: BRIEF PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Theory
Keyword: 
UWB radars,  multiple scattered waves,  SAR,  shadow region imaging,  multi-static radar,  complex-shaped or multiple targets,  

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Summary: 
The applicability in harsh optical environments, such as dark smog, or strong backlight of ultra-wide band (UWB) pulse radar has a definite advantage over optical ranging techniques. We have already proposed the extended Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) algorithm employing double scattered waves, which aimed at enhancing the reconstructible region of the target boundary including shadow region. However, it still suffers from the shadow area for the target that has a sharp inclination or deep concave boundary, because it assumes a mono-static model, whose real aperture size is, in general, small. To resolve this issue, this study proposes an extension algorithm of the double scattered SAR based on a multi-static configuration. While this extension is quite simple, the effectiveness of the proposed method is nontrivial with regard to the expansion of the imaging range. The results from numerical simulations verify that our method significantly enhances the visible range of the target surfaces without a priori knowledge of the target shapes or any preliminary observation of its surroundings.