Yb-Doped and Hybrid-Structured Solid Photonic Bandgap Fibers and Linearly-Polarized Fiber Lasers Oscillating above 1160 nm

Masahiro KASHIWAGI  Katsuhiro TAKENAGA  Kentaro ICHII  Tomoharu KITABAYASHI  Shoji TANIGAWA  Kensuke SHIMA  Shoichiro MATSUO  Munehisa FUJIMAKI  Kuniharu HIMENO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E94-C   No.7   pp.1145-1152
Publication Date: 2011/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E94.C.1145
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Joint Special Section on Opto-electronics and Communications for Future Optical Network)
Category: 
Keyword: 
fiber laser,  Yb-doped fiber,  photonic bandgap fiber,  frequency-doubling,  

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Summary: 
We review our recent work on Yb-doped and hybrid-structured solid photonic bandgap fibers (Yb-HS-SPBGFs) for linearly-polarized fiber lasers oscillating in the small gain wavelength range from 1160 nm to 1200 nm. The stack-and-draw or pit-in-jacket method is employed to fabricate two Yb-HS-SPBGFs. Both of the fiber shows optical filtering property for eliminating ASE in the large gain wavelength range from 1030 nm to 1130 nm and enough high birefringence for maintaining linear polarization, thanks to the photonic bandgap effect and the induced birefringence of the hybrid structure. The fiber attenuation of the Yb-HS-SPBGF fabricated by the pit-in-jacket method is much lower than that of the Yb-HS-SPBGF fabricated by stack-and-draw method. Linearly-polarized single stage fiber lasers using Yb-HS-SPBGFs are also demonstrated. Laser oscillation at 1180 nm is confirmed without parasitic lasing in the fiber lasers. High output power and high slope efficiency in linearly-polarized single-cavity fiber laser using the low-loss Yb-HS-SPGF fabricated by the pit-in-jacket method are achieved. Narrow linewidth, high polarization extinction ratio and high beam quality are also confirmed, which are required for high-efficient frequency-doubling. A compact and high-power yellow-orange frequency-doubling laser would be realized by using a linearly-polarized single-cavity fiber laser employing a low-loss Yb-HS-SPBGF.