Frame Rate Up-Conversion Technique Using Hardware-Efficient Motion Estimator Architecture for Motion Blur Reduction of TFT-LCD

Jonghee HWANG  Yongwoo CHOI  Yoonsik CHOE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E94-C   No.5   pp.896-904
Publication Date: 2011/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E94.C.896
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electronic Displays
motion blur,  motion estimator,  TFT-LCD,  pre-computation,  

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Motion blur in TFT-LCD is caused by sample and hold characteristic, slow response time of liquid crystal, and the inconsistency between object tracking of the human eye and the actual object location. In order to solve this problem, a high frame rate driving method based on motion estimation and motion compensation has been applied to LCD products. However, as the required processing time of motion estimation increases in LCD TV and monitor systems, real-time video image processing becomes more difficult. Frame interpolation through the large macro block (MB) size has limitations to detect small objects. So, this paper proposes the efficient motion estimator architecture which uses seven kinds of macro blocks to enhance the accuracy of motion estimation and combines the parallel processing with pre-computation technology and hardware optimization for high-speed processing. Also, for increased efficiency in the hardware architecture, we employed an I2C (Inter Integrated Circuit) communication unit to control the key parameters easily through the personnel computer. Simulation results show that the critical path at the motion estimator is reduced by about 27.47% compared to the conventional structure. As a result, the proposed motion estimator will be applicable for the high-speed frame interpolation of variable video.