A Comparative Study on Iterative Progressive Numerical Methods for Boundary Element Analysis of Electromagnetic Multiple Scattering

Norimasa NAKASHIMA  Mitsuo TATEIBA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E94-C   No.5   pp.865-873
Publication Date: 2011/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E94.C.865
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Theory
iterative progressive numerical method,  classical linear iterative solvers,  electromagnetic wave scattering,  boundary element method,  

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This paper presents various types of iterative progressive numerical methods (IPNMs) for the computation of electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering from many objects and reports comparatively the performance of these methods. The original IPNM is similar to the Jacobi method which is one of the classical linear iterative solvers. Then the modified IPNMs are based on other classical solvers like the Gauss-Seidel (GS), the relaxed Jacobi, the successive overrelaxation (SOR), and the symmetric SOR (SSOR) methods. In the original and modified IPNMs, we repeatedly solve linear systems of equations by using a nonstationary iterative solver. An initial guess and a stopping criterion are discussed in order to realize a fast computation. We treat EM wave scattering from 27 perfectly electric conducting (PEC) spheres and evaluate the performance of the IPNMs. However, the SOR- and SSOR-type IPNMs are not subject to the above numerical test in this paper because an optimal relaxation parameter is not possible to determine in advance. The evaluation reveals that the IPNMs converge much faster than a standard BEM computation. The relaxed Jacobi-type IPNM is better than the other types in terms of the net computation time and the application range for the distance between objects.