A 7-GHz, Low-Power, Low Phase-Noise Differential Current-Reused VCO Utilizing a Trifilar-Transformer-Feedback Technique

Yan-Ru TSENG  Tzuen-Hsi HUANG  Shang-Hsun WU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E94-C   No.4   pp.648-653
Publication Date: 2011/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E94.C.648
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Microwaves, Millimeter-Waves
Keyword: 
current reuse,  trifilar transformer,  transformer feedback,  voltage-controlled oscillator,  wide tuning range,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a 7 GHz differential current-reused voltage-controlled oscillator (CR-VCO) with low power consumption and low phase noise using 0.18-µm CMOS technology. The output power of this CR-VCO is enhanced by utilizing a trifilar-transformer-feedback technique. The lower phase noise is achieved by the more symmetric voltage swings resulting from the improved balance of switching current. At a 1.5-V DC supply voltage, the power dissipation is only 3.4 mW. The total tuning range is 1.4 GHz (17.9%) as the tuning voltage ranges from 0 V to 1.8 V. The optimum phase noise is around -117.3 dBc/Hz at a frequency offset of 1 MHz from the center frequency of 7.07 GHz. The corresponding output power is around -6.8 dBm. For the proposed CR-VCO, the calculated figures-of-merit, FOM and FOMT , are -188.9 and -193.9 dBc/Hz, respectively.