Loss of Post-Wall Waveguides and Efficiency Estimation of Parallel-Plate Slot Arrays Fed by the Post-Wall Waveguide in the Millimeter-Wave Band

Yuanfeng SHE  Thi Huong TRAN  Koh HASHIMOTO  Jiro HIROKAWA  Makoto ANDO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E94-C   No.3   pp.312-320
Publication Date: 2011/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E94.C.312
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Microwaves, Millimeter-Waves
Keyword: 
post-wall waveguide,  effective conductivity,  transmission loss,  antenna efficiency,  loss factor,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents the loss factors in the post-wall waveguide-fed parallel-plate slot array antenna in the millimeter-wave band. At first, transmission loss is evaluated per unit length by measuring the losses of post-wall waveguides on various substrates with different thicknesses in different bands. Measured results of the frequency dependence agree with theoretical predictions using the effective conductivity and the complex permittivity obtained by the whispering gallery mode resonator method. Then the authors evaluate the antennas with various sizes at 76.5 GHz. The antenna efficiency is evaluated by taking into account the loss factors related to: the transmission loss both in the feed and the parallel plate waveguides, the aperture efficiency and the insertion loss and the reflection of the transition. Also, the loss due to the locally-perturbed currents by the slot radiation is evaluated. The sum of the losses in the prediction quantitatively agrees with the measurement.