Propagation Analysis of Electromagnetic Waves in 700 MHz Band at Intersection for Inter-Vehicle Communications Using the FDTD Method

Kenji TAGUCHI  Tatsuya KASHIWA  Kohzoh OHSHIMA  Takeshi KAWAMURA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E94-C   No.1   pp.18-23
Publication Date: 2011/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E94.C.18
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Electromagnetic Theory and Its Application)
Category: Radiation and Propagation
Keyword: 
inter-vehicle communication,  intersection,  wave propagation,  FDTD method,  MUSIC algorithm,  

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Summary: 
Inter-vehicle communication (IVC) system using 700 MHz band to prevent car crashes has been proposed recently. In this paper, we first apply the FDTD method to the analyses of propagation characteristics at an intersection for IVC. We investigate the propagation characteristics considering the electrical conductivities, thickness and windows of building wall and pedestrians. As a result, it is shown that the electrical conductivities and thickness of building wall have a slight influence. In contrast, windows and pedestrians have a great influence on the propagation characteristics. Furthermore, the azimuth delay profiles are obtained by using the MUSIC algorithm.