A High-Efficiency Circularly-Polarized Aperture Array Antenna with a Corporate-Feed Circuit in the 60 GHz Band

Yohei MIURA  Jiro HIROKAWA  Makoto ANDO  Kazufumi IGARASHI  Goro YOSHIDA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E94-C   No.10   pp.1618-1625
Publication Date: 2011/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E94.C.1618
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Technology)
Category: Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Antennas
Keyword: 
array antenna,  corporate-feed,  circular polarized wave,  high efficiency,  

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Summary: 
A circularly-polarized planar array antenna using hexagonal aperture elements is proposed. A 22-element subarray as the basic unit is excited by a corporate-feed circuit located in the lower layer of the double-layered antenna. The hexagonal aperture is designed to achieve a good axial ratio in the boresight. A 1616-element array antenna with uniform element spacing smaller than the free-space wavelength was fabricated by diffusion bonding of laminated thin metal plates for the 60 GHz-band. The high gain of 33.4 dBic is measured with 91.6% antenna efficiency, including losses.