Distance Estimation by Sequential Rearrangement of Signal Strength in Wireless Sensor Networks

Seung-Hwan JIN  Jae-Kark CHOI  Nan HAO  Sang-Jo YOO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.9   pp.2634-2637
Publication Date: 2011/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.2634
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Network
wireless sensor network,  path loss exponent,  received signal strength,  distance estimation,  

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In the received signal strength-based ranging algorithms, distance is estimated from a path loss model, in which the path loss exponent is considered a key parameter. The conventional RSS-based algorithms generally assume that the path loss exponent is known a priori. However, this assumption is not acceptable in the real world because the channel condition depends on the current wireless environment. In this paper, we propose an accurate estimation method of the path loss exponent that results in minimizing distance estimation errors in varying environments. Each anchor node estimates the path loss exponent for its transmission coverage by the sequential rearrangement of the received signal strengths of all sensor nodes within its coverage. Simulation results show that the proposed method can accurately estimate the actual path loss exponent without any prior knowledge and provides low distance estimation error.