Robust Detection of Incumbents in Cognitive Radio Networks Using Groups

Helena RIFA-POUS  Mercedes JIMENEZ BLASCO  Jose Carlos MUT ROJAS  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.9   pp.2558-2564
Publication Date: 2011/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.2558
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
cooperative sensing,  hard data fusion,  robustness,  malicious attacks,  

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Summary: 
Cognitive radio is a wireless technology aimed at improving the efficient use of the radio-electric spectrum, thus facilitating a reduction in the load on the free frequency bands. Cognitive radio networks can scan the spectrum and adapt their parameters to operate in the unoccupied bands. To avoid interfering with licensed users operating on a given channel, the networks need to be highly sensitive, which is achieved by using cooperative sensing methods. Current cooperative sensing methods are not robust enough against occasional or continuous attacks. This article outlines a Group Fusion method that takes into account the behaviour of users over the short and long term. On fusing the data, the method is based on giving more weight to user groups that are more unanimous in their decisions. Simulations of a dynamic environment with interference are performed. Results prove that when attackers are present (both reiterative or sporadic), the proposed Group Fusion method has superior sensing capability than other methods.