Enhanced 2-Level Traffic Adaptive Active Period Control for IEEE802.15.4 Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Networks

Keiji KUBO  Kazuo MORI  Katsuhiro NAITO  Hideo KOBAYASHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.9   pp.2521-2531
Publication Date: 2011/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.2521
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
wireless sensor networks,  IEEE802.15.4,  MAC,  traffic adaptation,  non-uniform traffic,  

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Temporal and spatial (geographical) fluctuations, which are present in the traffic of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), have a significant affect on the transmission performance and power consumption of WSNs. Several medium access control (MAC) mechanisms have been proposed for IEEE802.15.4 cluster-based WSNs to counter the temporal and spatial traffic fluctuations. However, these mechanisms cannot always achieve simultaneous improvement in both transmission performance and power consumption. In this paper, we propose two enhanced 2-level active period control mechanisms, BI&CAP control and BI&SD&CAP control, to achieve higher system performance than conventional control mechanisms. Various computer simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed mechanisms for WSNs with various traffic fluctuations.