2-Dimensional Accurate Imaging with UWB Radar Using Indoor Multipath Echoes for a Target in Shadow Regions


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B    No.8    pp.2366-2374
Publication Date: 2011/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.2366
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Sensing
UWB pulse radar,  multipath scattering waves,  shadow region imaging,  interferometry,  Time-Reversal imaging,  

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UWB (Ultra Wide-Band) pulse radar is promising for surveillance systems because it has an outstanding high range-resolution. To realize an accurate UWB radar imaging system, we propose a new approach that employs multipath echoes from a target in an indoor environment. Using multipath echoes, the proposed system can accurately estimate images, even for targets in a shadow region where the targets are out of sight of the antenna. We apply a simple interferometry technique using the multiple mirror image antennas generated by multipath propagation. We find that this simple method also produces many undesired false image points. To tackle this issue, we also propose an effective false image reduction algorithm to obtain a clear image. Numerical simulations verify that most of the false image points are removed and the target shape is accurately estimated.