Genetic Agent-Based Framework for Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks

Jangsu LEE  Sungchun KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.6   pp.1736-1739
Publication Date: 2011/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.1736
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Network
agent,  energy efficiency,  genetic algorithm,  wireless sensor networks,  

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Wireless sensor networks (WSN) is composed of so many small sensor nodes which have limited resources. So the technique that raises energy efficiency is the key to prolong the network life time. In the paper, we propose an agent based framework which takes the biological characteristics of gene. The gene represents an operation policy to control agent behavior. Agents are aggregated to reduce duplicate transmissions in active period. And it selects next hop based on the information of neighbor agents. Among neighbors, the node which has enough energy is given higher priority. The base station processes genetic evolution to refine the behavior policy of agent. Each agent is taken latest gene and spread recursively to find the optimal gene. Our proposed framework yields sensor nodes that have the properties of self-healing, self-configuration, and self-optimization. Simulation results show that our proposed framework increases the lifetime of each node.