Statistical Analysis of MIMO Keyhole Channels under Double Rayleigh and Double Nakagami-Rice Fadings


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B    No.5    pp.1215-1224
Publication Date: 2011/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.1215
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Antenna and Propagation Technologies Contributing to Diversification of Wireless Technologies)
Category: MIMO Propagation
MIMO,  double fading,  Rayleigh fading,  Nakagami-Rice fading,  keyhole,  eigenvalue,  

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This paper gives statistical analysis of double fading channels which are typically found in keyhole MIMO(multiple input multiple output) models. First, to investigate the potential of identically distributed double Nakagami-Rice MIMO keyhole channels including LOS(line of sight) environment, the density function of SNR(signal to noise ratio) which corresponds to the only one non-zero eigenvalue of channel correlation matrix is presented. In addition to the exact expression with an infinite series form, an approximation formula with a simple monomial form derived by substituting Nakagami m formula for Rician distribution is also considered. Next, similar equations are introduced for double Rayleigh channels which have correlated branches in both the transmitter and receiver sides(independent but nonidentical case is included here). Through computer simulations, the effectiveness of the proposed formulae is verified, and in double Nakagami-Rice fading case, the advantage of the approximated formula particularly for large array size and/or large Rician factor is demonstrated.